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Smoke and Carbon Monoxide Alarm Regulations 2022 mean Landlords or their Letting Agents must meet the mandatory requirement of fitting smoke and carbon monoxide alarms to their rented properties.

Smoke and Carbon Monoxide Alarms FAQs

The requirements are enforced by local authorities who can impose a fine of up to £5,000 if a landlord fails to comply with a remedial notice.

Landlords or their Letting Agent must ensure that the property’s alarms are in proper working order on the day that a tenancy starts, and keep a record of this. Any breach may make the landlord or agent liable for remedial notices and ultimately a fine of up to £5,000.

The regulations do not stipulate the type of alarms (such as mains powered (‘hard-wired’) or battery powered) that should be installed. It is recommended that landlords choose the type of smoke alarms based on the needs of their building and their tenants and that those alarms are compliant with British Standards BS 5839-6. Where battery-powered alarms are selected, alarms with ‘sealed for life’ batteries rather than alarms with replaceable batteries are the better option.

The regulations do not stipulate the type of alarms (such as mains powered (‘hard wired’) or battery powered) that should be installed. Landlords should make an informed decision and choose the type of carbon monoxide alarms based on the needs of their building and their tenants, and those alarms are compliant with British Standards BS 50291. Where battery-powered alarms are selected, alarms with ‘sealed for life’ batteries rather than alarms with replaceable batteries are the better option.

The regulations do not stipulate where the alarms should be placed. At least one smoke alarm should be installed on every storey which is used as living accommodation. Landlords should follow the individual manufacturer’s instructions when installing the alarms. However, in general, smoke alarms should be fixed to the ceiling in a circulation space, i.e. a hall or a landing.

Your local fire and rescue authority may be able to provide further advice on installation or you can download fire safety information from gov.uk/firekills

The regulations do not stipulate where the alarms should be placed. A carbon monoxide alarm should be installed in every room which is used as living accommodation containing a fixed combustion appliance (excluding gas cookers). Landlords should follow the individual manufacturer’s instructions when installing the alarms. However, in general, carbon monoxide alarms should be positioned at head height, either on a wall or shelf, approximately 1-3 metres away from a potential source of carbon monoxide.

Your local fire and rescue authority may be able to provide further advice on installation or you can download fire safety information from gov.uk/firekills

Testing of smoke alarms and carbon monoxide alarms does not require specialist skills or knowledge and should be straightforward for tenants to do. Landlords should consider providing residents with a demonstration and/or instructions to support residents' understanding of how, and how often, to test their smoke alarms and make sure they are in working order. Landlords should follow the individual manufacturer’s instructions for testing alarms and consider sharing these instructions with tenants to support regular testing.

Landlords will be responsible for repairing or replacing any faulty alarms. If tenants find that their alarms are not in working order during the tenancy, they are advised to arrange for the replacement of the batteries. If the alarm still does not work after replacing the batteries, or if tenants are unable to replace the batteries themselves, they should report this to the relevant landlord.

If tenants find that their alarms are not in working order during the tenancy, they are advised to arrange for the replacement of the batteries. If the alarm still does not work after replacing the batteries, or if tenants are unable to replace the batteries themselves, they should report this to the relevant landlord.

The regulations will be enforced by local housing authorities. Details on enforcement of the regulations can be found in the guidance for local authorities.

For further guidance click here Smoke and Carbon Monoxide Alarm (Amendment) Regulations 2022: guidance for landlords and tenants. Updated 29 July 2022  

Our Property Managers ensure our landlords remain ahead of legislation and most importantly, compliant. We have therefore ask our Gas Engineers to check all managed properties for a carbon monoxide alarm in accordance of the guidance and legislation.

If an alarm is not present, instructions are given to install one to ensure compliance and protection of both tenants and landlords. 

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We hope this article was useful, if you have any questions our team will be happy to help.